Chinese Geomancy in Kyoto, Part 2

The Black Turtle of the North on a lantern at Heian Shrine. the Northern Turtle is represented by Funaoka-yama in the city. Kyoto today fills the valley, but when the emperor Kammu decided to move the capital here in A.D. 794, it needed much less space, and turtle-esque Funaoka-yama (just a hill, really) was selected as the northern centerpoint, running down to the Rashomon (yes, that Rashomon) gate in the south. The original Heian Palace was built just south of Funaoka-yama, which now is quite a bit west of the current center of town.

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